NY Health Insurance Metal Plans Explained
Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA aka Obamacare) all insurance plans in the Small Group and Individual markets must fall within the 4 accepted ‘Metal Plans’. These Metal plans are called Platinum, Gold, Silver, and Bronze. These plans can be purchased through licensed brokers through EITHER of two avenues: the state exchange called NY State of Health (NYSOH), or directly through the carriers themselves.
In order to determine which ‘Metal’ plan would be best for you, let’s first review some basic plan definitions you must know.
PREMIUM: the amount you pay for the coverage each month is called the premium. You pay this whether or not you go to the doctor, visit the hospital or buy prescription medications.
DEDUCTIBLE: the amount you have to pay for covered services before your insurance starts to pay. For instance, if you have a $1,000 deductible, you will pay 100% of your health care expenses until the amount you have paid reaches $1,000 (aka ‘meeting your deductible’). After you ‘meet your deductible’, some service might be covered at 100% while others would require you to pay coinsurance OR a copayment. These terms are explained below.
COPAYMENT (aka “copay”): the fixed dollar cost that you pay for health care services. Typically, you will have different copayment amounts for different types of service, such as a $25 copayment for a doctor’s office visit or a $150 copayment for an emergency room visit. Most of the time, any copayments you make do not count towards meeting your deductible. Copayments typically are paid ‘in lieu of’ coinsurance… meaning in most cases once you have met your deductible, you will pay EITHER coinsurance OR a copayment but never both.
COINSURANCE: This is your share of the costs of a given health care service. It is figured as a fixed percentage of the total charge for a service, such as 10% or 30%. Coinsurance kicks in after you’ve met your deductible. For example, assume you’ve already met your $1,000 deductible and your plan’s coinsurance is 10%. If you have a hospital charge of $1,000, your share of the costs would be $100 (10% of $1,000). If your coinsurance was 30%, your share would be $300.
MAXIMUM OUT OF POCKET – MOOP (or out-of-pocket limit): the most you pay during a policy period (typically a calendar year) before your plan starts to pay 100% of the allowed amount. While all ‘Metal Plans’ vary in their MOOP limits, even the lowest benefit Bronze plans in 2014 limit the MOOP to $6,350 for individuals and $12,700 for families. COPAYS, COINSURANCE, DEDUCTIBLES and DRUG COPAYS all count towards meeting the MOOP. Premiums and non-covered services do NOT count towards MOOP.
ESSENTIAL HEALTH BENEFITS: No matter what plan you choose – Bronze, Silver, Gold, or Platinum – the same set of 10 Essential Health Benefits will be covered:
1. Care at a doctor’s office
2. Emergency services
3. Hospital care
4. Pregnant mother and baby care
5. Mental health and addiction treatment
6. Prescription drugs
7. Rehab and skill development services and devices
8. Lab services
9. Prevention & wellness services and long-lasting disease management
10. Dental and vision care for children
The Essential Health Benefits are the minimum requirements for all plans; however certain plans will offer additional coverage, but no plan can offer less.